August 30, 2022 - The Rubin Observatory Commissioning Camera (ComCam) was successfully installed on the Telescope Mount Assembly (TMA) on the summit of Cerro Pachón on August 24, 2022. This is the first of many optical components to be integrated with the telescope structure, and an important step towards getting real astronomical data flowing from the observatory.
ComCam is a smaller (144 megapixel), simpler version of the full 3200-megapixel LSST Camera. ComCam will be used for testing and commissioning activities prior to the installation of the full science camera, and it will produce the first astronomical data from the Simonyi Survey Telescope once the rest of the optical system is installed. This "commissioning data" will be used to demonstrate that the various subsystems of the telescope are working as designed, and the Rubin Operations team plans to release commissioning data as part of Data Preview 1, scheduled for mid-2024.
The Rubin team on the summit has been rehearsing for this installation for many months using the camera surrogate mass, a steel structure that approximates the mass of the LSST Camera (and ComCam) Assembly. The practice lifts have allowed the team to fine-tune the lifting, installation, and removal procedures before using them to install real cameras with delicate electronics.
Last week, immediately following the final practice installation/removal run with the camera surrogate mass, the summit team moved it down to the staging area on the 3rd floor of the observatory facility using the vertical platform lift. There, the team exchanged the camera surrogate mass with the Camera Assembly (the structure containing the Commissioning Camera) which was then brought up to the 8th floor and put into position next to the telescope. The custom-built camera lifting fixture was mounted to the Camera Assembly, and then the team carefully balanced the entire structure to ensure a level and smooth insertion into the telescope. Over the course of a couple of hours, the Camera Assembly was lifted and slid into position on specially designed tracks, and then bolted into its final position in the center of the telescope.
Now that ComCam is in place, and fully integrated with the telescope mount, the summit team will repeat the tests that were previously done in the 3rd floor integration hall before ComCam was moved up to the telescope floor. These tests include making sure ComCam functions in coordination with the camera hexapod, rotator, the camera cable wrap, and the support systems for the two mirrors. After verifying that ComCam is behaving as expected, the team will perform additional tests using the full feature sets of the telescope mount and the dome.
Like the camera surrogate mass before it, ComCam will be removed and reinstalled on the TMA at least one additional time after this initial integration—but in this case it's out of necessity, not for practice. When it's time to install the coated Secondary Mirror (M2) and its support system towards the end of 2022, ComCam will need to be removed for several weeks, and then re-installed. This is because the ComCam structure fits into the center of M2—once M2 is successfully integrated, ComCam can go back on the TMA. After that, the team will install the M1M3 mirror and support system—the last component necessary for ComCam to take its first on-sky observations, which are expected in mid-2023.
More information about ComCam:
Financial support for Rubin Observatory comes from the National Science Foundation (NSF) through Cooperative Agreement No. 1258333, the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science under Contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515, and private funding raised by the LSST Corporation. The NSF-funded Rubin Observatory Project Office for construction was established as an operating center under management of the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA). The DOE-funded effort to build the Rubin Observatory LSST Camera (LSSTCam) is managed by the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC).
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency created by Congress in 1950 to promote the progress of science. NSF supports basic research and people to create knowledge that transforms the future.
NSF and DOE will continue to support Rubin Observatory in its Operations phase. They will also provide support for scientific research with LSST data.
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